Judge Andrea Titz, who is a spokeswoman at Munich Regional Court, said: "The law stipulates a prison sentence of up to five years for the crimes he is accused of. In an especially severe case it can be up to ten years but this has no relevance to what the accused might have to expect in this trial if he were to be sentenced."
Ecclestone has denied wrongdoing and said he will fight to clear his name.
"The decision to go to trial is normal and in no way is it a finding in the issue at hand. This is something that is up to the trial itself," Ecclestone's lawyers in Germany Sven Thomas and Norbert Scharf said in a statement.
"The alleged bribery never took place. The accusations that are based on Gribkowsky's testimony are incorrect and based on the facts offer no coherent picture."
Legal problems stemming from the CVC sale threaten to end Ecclestone's long hold on a sport that attracts hundreds of millions of television viewers to its series of grand prix races held around the globe.
CVC paid about $830 million for BayernLB's 47 percent stake in Formula One, after the business had fallen into the hands of a group of banks following the collapse of German media company and controlling shareholder Kirch.
A Munich court in 2012 jailed Gribkowsky, former chief risk officer at BayernLB, for tax evasion and bribery for taking a $44 million payment from Ecclestone and his family trust after the sale.
Ecclestone, who has repeatedly said the payment had nothing to do with the CVC deal, is also awaiting the outcome of a $100 million damages claim brought by German company Constantin Medien in theLondon High Court over his involvement in the deal.